Celebrating Eritrean Culture: The Vibrant History and Pillar of the Eritrean Festival in Scandinavia

By Dr Metkel Yebiyo


The Eritrean community in Scandinavia has a rich cultural heritage that has been celebrated and preserved through the annual Eritrean festival. This lively and colorful event has become a pillar of the community, showcasing Eritrean traditions, customs, and history while fostering unity and pride among Eritreans living in the region. Let’s explore the captivating history and the significance of this cherished festival.

A Celebration of Culture and Identity:

The Eritrean festival in Scandinavia is a testament to the enduring spirit and resilience of the Eritrean people. Originating from the East African country of Eritrea, this festival serves as a way for the diaspora community to connect with their roots and preserve their cultural heritage. It is a platform to celebrate the diverse cultural traditions, languages, music, dance, and cuisine that define Eritrean identity.

Historical Background:

The Eritrean festival has a fascinating history that dates back several decades. It emerged as a response to the desire of Eritrean refugees and immigrants in Scandinavia to maintain a sense of community and to promote their rich cultural heritage. The festival was first organized in 1998, and this year will be the 25th Anniversary; it has since grown into a much-anticipated annual event.

The Pillars of the Festival:

The Eritrean festival in Scandinavia stands on three pillars: culture, unity, and resilience.

  1. Culture: At the heart of the festival lies the celebration of Eritrean culture. Attendees are treated to a vibrant display of traditional dances, music performances, and theatrical shows that depict Eritrean struggles and history. Colorful traditional attire, handcrafted arts and crafts, and mouthwatering Eritrean food further immerse visitors in the unique cultural experience.
  2. Unity: The festival serves as a powerful platform for fostering unity among the Eritrean diaspora and strengthening bonds within the community. It brings together Eritreans from different regions, generations, and backgrounds, allowing them to connect, share stories, and build lasting relationships. The festival also provides an opportunity for Eritrean organizations and businesses to collaborate and showcase their contributions to the community.
  3. Resilience: The Eritrean people have faced various challenges throughout their history, including a long struggle for independence and subsequent nation-building efforts. The festival embodies the spirit of resilience and pays homage to the sacrifices made by Eritreans in their quest for freedom and self-determination. It serves as a reminder of their strength and determination to preserve their cultural identity.

Impact and Future Outlook:

Over the years, the Eritrean festival in Scandinavia has grown in size and significance, attracting not only Eritreans but also individuals from diverse backgrounds who appreciate the rich cultural experience it offers. It has become an integral part of the Scandinavian cultural landscape, promoting cultural diversity and understanding.

Looking ahead, the Eritrean festival in Scandinavia continues to evolve and adapt to the changing times. It embraces new technologies and platforms to engage a wider audience, both within the Eritrean community and beyond. The festival organizers are committed to preserving Eritrean culture while fostering inclusive and strengthening the bonds between Eritreans and the wider Scandinavian community.


The Eritrean festival in Scandinavia is a cherished celebration of Eritrean culture, serving as a pillar of unity, resilience, and cultural preservation. It showcases the beauty and vibrancy of Eritrean traditions, fostering a sense of belonging and pride within the Eritrean diaspora. As this annual event continues to flourish, it leaves an indelible mark on the Scandinavian cultural landscape, promoting diversity and enriching the fabric of society. The festival has grown in popularity over the years and now attracts people from all over the region. The festival is a great way to learn about Eritrean culture and a must-attend event for anyone interested in African culture.

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